The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of The English Language

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521823487
Size: 74.56 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 506
View: 7146

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Rarely has a book so packed with accurate and well researched factual information been so widely read and popularly acclaimed. This Second Edition of The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language has been fully revised for a new generation of language-lovers. The book is longer and includes extensive new material on world English and Internet English, in addition to completely updated statistics, further reading suggestions and other references. First Edition Hb (1995): 0-521-40179-8 First Edition Pb (1997): 0-521-59655-6 David Crystal is a leading authority on language, and author of many books, including most recently Shakespeare's Words (Penguin, 2002), Language and the Internet (Cambridge, 2001) and Language Death (Cambridge, 2000). An internationally renowned writer, journal editor, lecturer and broadcaster, he received an Order of the British Empire in 1995 for his services to the English language.

The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of The English Language

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108423590
Size: 80.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 580
View: 3208

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Now in its third edition, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language provides the most comprehensive coverage of the history, structure and worldwide use of English. Fully updated and expanded, with a fresh redesigned layout, and over sixty audio resources to bring language extracts to life, it covers all aspects of the English language including the history of English, with new pages on Shakespeare's vocabulary and pronunciation, updated statistics on global English use that now cover all countries and the future of English in a post-Brexit Europe, regional and social variations, with fresh insights into the growing cultural identities of 'new Englishes', English in everyday use with new sections on gender identities, forensic studies, and 'big data' in corpus linguistics, and digital developments, including the emergence of new online varieties in social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp. Packed with brand new colour illustrations, photographs, maps, tables and graphs, this new edition is an essential tool for a new generation of twenty-first-century English language enthusiasts.

The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of Language

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781439503751
Size: 67.98 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages : 480
View: 2621

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Looks at the variety, history, structure, and behavior of language, and discusses language learning, foreign language teaching, and linguistics

The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of Language

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521736503
Size: 19.22 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 524
View: 158

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This new, thoroughly revised edition of the acclaimed Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language incorporates the major developments in language study which have taken place since the mid 1990s. Two main new areas have been added: the rise of electronic communication in all its current forms from email to texting, and the crisis affecting the world's languages, of which half are thought to be so seriously endangered that they will die out this century. • All language statistics have been updated, and additional information provided about their linguistic affiliation • All topics involving technology have been revised to take account of recent developments, notably in phonetics, language disability, and computing • Maps have been revised to include new countries or country names • Special attention has been paid to fast-moving areas such as language teaching and learning • The text design has been completely updated with many new illustrations throughout

The Cambridge Encyclopedia

The Cambridge Encyclopedia PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780521584593
Size: 47.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Languages : en
Pages : 1303
View: 3511

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20,000 more words, covers full-colour flags for the world's 203 countries, maps of the continents, oceans and earthquake zones, European trade organisations, and the effects of global warming and acid rain.

The Cambridge Encyclopedia

The Cambridge Encyclopedia PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780521790994
Size: 60.64 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages : 1336
View: 1379

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An up-to-date reference source offers more than forty thousand entries and a quick reference section of facts and figures.

The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of The Language Sciences

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the Language Sciences PDF
Author: Patrick Colm Hogan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521866897
Size: 28.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 1048
View: 6466

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Have you lost track of developments in generative linguistics, finding yourself unsure about the distinctive features of Minimalism? Would you like to know more about recent advances in the genetics of language, or about right hemisphere linguistic operation? Has your interest in narrative drawn you to question the relation between stories and grammars? The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the Language Sciences addresses these issues, along with hundreds of others. It includes basic entries for those unfamiliar with a given topic and more specific entries for those seeking more specialized knowledge. It incorporates both well-established findings and cutting-edge research and classical approaches and new theoretical innovations. The volume is aimed at readers who have an interest in some aspect of language science but wish to learn more about the broad range of ideas, findings, practices, and prospects that constitute this rapidly expanding field, a field arguably at the center of current research on the human mind and human society.

Language And The Internet

Language and the Internet PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521868599
Size: 77.42 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 304
View: 2268

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A revealing insight into the language of the Internet, looking at e-mail, chat, the Web, instant messaging and blogging.

The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of Child Development

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Child Development PDF
Author: Brian Hopkins
Publisher:
ISBN: 110710341X
Size: 75.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 990
View: 5214

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Updated and expanded to 124 entries, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Child Development remains the authoritative reference in the field.

The Stories Of English

The Stories of English PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Abrams
ISBN: 1468306170
Size: 44.91 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 608
View: 6828

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The English language is now accepted as the global lingua franca of the modern age, spoken or written in by over a quarter of the human race. But how did it evolve? How did a language spoken originally by a few thousand Anglo-Saxons become one used by more than 1,500 million? What developments can be seen as we move from Beowulf to Chaucer to Shakespeare to Dickens and the present day? A host of fascinating questions are answered in The Stories of English, a groundbreaking history of the language by David Crystal, the world-renowned writer and commentator on English. Many books have been written about English, but they have all focused on a single variety: the educated, printed language called “standard†? English. David Crystal turns the history of English on its head and instead provides a startlingly original view of where the richness, creativity and diversity of the language truly lies—in the accents and dialects of nonstandard English users all over the world. Whatever their regional, social or ethnic background, each group has a story worth telling, whether it is in Scotland or Somerset, South Africa or Singapore. Interweaved within this central chronological story are accounts of uses of dialect around the world as well as in literary classics from The Canterbury Tales to The Lord of the Rings. For the first time, regional speech and writing is placed center stage, giving a sense of the social realities behind the development of English. This significant shift in perspective enables the reader to understand for the first time the importance of everyday, previously marginalized, voices in our language and provides an argument too for the way English should be taught in the future.

English As A Global Language

English as a Global Language PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107611806
Size: 51.45 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 212
View: 3890

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David Crystal's classic English as a Global Language considers the history, present status and future of the English language, focusing on its role as the leading international language. English has been deemed the most 'successful' language ever, with 1500 million speakers internationally, presenting a difficult task to those who wish to investigate it in its entirety. However, Crystal explores the subject in a measured but engaging way, always backing up observations with facts and figures. Written in a detailed and fascinating manner, this is a book written by an expert both for specialists in the subject and for general readers interested in the English language.

Concise Oxford Companion To The English Language

Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language PDF
Author: Thomas Burns McArthur
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0192806378
Size: 58.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 692
View: 3904

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Providing a single-volume source of information about the English language, this text takes in language examples from Cockney to Creole across a historical range from Chaucer to Chomsky.

Making Sense

Making Sense PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190660597
Size: 76.79 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 295

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In Making Sense, David Crystal confronts the foe of many: grammar. Once taught relentlessly to all students in the English-speaking world, grammar disappeared from most school curricula, so that terms such as "preposition" and "conjunction" now often confound children and adults alike. Explaining the nuts and bolts of grammar presents a special challenge, because - far more than is the case with spelling and punctuation - the subject is burdened with a centuries-old history of educational practice that many will recall as anything but glamorous. One of the world's foremost authorities on the English language, Crystal sets out to rid grammar of its undeserved reputation as a dry and intimidating subject, pointing out how essential grammar is to clear and effective speech and writing. He moves briskly through the stages by which children acquire grammar, along the way demystifying grammar's rules and irregularities and showing us how to navigate its snares and pitfalls. He offers the fascinating history of grammar, explaining how it has evolved from the first grammarians in ancient Greece to our 21st century digital environment of blogging, emailing, and texting. Many find grammar to be a daunting subject, but in this breezy, entertaining book, Crystal proves that grammar doesn't need to make us uneasy-we can all make sense of how we make sense.

The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of The Jesuits

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the Jesuits PDF
Author: Thomas Worcester, SJ
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521769051
Size: 44.57 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 930
View: 1813

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Founded in 1540 by Ignatius of Loyola, the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) has been praised as a saintly god-send and condemned as the work of Satan. With some 600 entries written by 110 authors - those inside and outside the order - this encyclopedia opens up the complexities of Jesuit history and explores the current life and work of this Catholic religious order and its global vocation. Approximately 230 entries are biographies, focusing on key people in Jesuit history, while the majority of the entries focus on Jesuit ideals, concepts, terminology, places, institutions, and events. With some 70 illustrations highlighting the centrality of visual images in Jesuit life, this encyclopedia is a comprehensive volume providing accessible and authoritative coverage of the Jesuits' life and work across the continents during the last five centuries.

The English Language

The English Language PDF
Author: Whitney French Bolton
Publisher: Penguin (Non-Classics)
ISBN: 9780140177602
Size: 38.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 362
View: 4075

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History of the English language, its grammar, vocabulary, and stylistic variations.

The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of Japan

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Japan PDF
Author: Richard Bowring
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521403528
Size: 47.39 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages : 410
View: 5747

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The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Japan is the essential reference to all facets of Japan past and present. Up to date, authoritative and wide ranging in scope, it covers all the general reader, student, business person, journalist, researcher, tourist or armchair traveler would want to know. A highly absorbing read, the Encyclopedia is also filled with the facts, figures and general data on Japan that make it an indispensable source of information. Learn, for example, that the safest place to be during an earthquake in Japan is in a bamboo grove; or that one of the greatest delicacies of Japanese cuisine, the fugu, is deadly poisonous in the hands of an unskilled chef. Also included are the latest statistics on Japan's dramatically aging population, a complete listing of its prime ministers, and valuable data on the powerful Japanese advertising industry.

Pronouncing Shakespeare

Pronouncing Shakespeare PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108466699
Size: 56.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 6457

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How did Shakespeare's plays sound when they were originally performed? How can we know, and could the original pronunciation ever be recreated? David Crystal recounts and reflects on Shakespeare's Globe's experiment with original pronunciation.