The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of The English Language

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521401791
Size: 17.29 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 500
View: 1489

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English is arguably the nearest thing we have to a world language, and yet it is a language with a wealth of varieties, dialects, and traditions, all developing in different ways and at different speeds. This book is a superbly written and illustrated exploration of the history, structure, and use of English throughout the world. World-renowned linguist and author, David Crystal, explores the many facets and varieties of the English language, bringing life to this large and complex subject. He begins with the origins of English in Anglo-Saxon times and follows the growth of the language to the present. Every major English-speaking country is included, and the book abounds with insights into how English evolved and how it works. The author pays particular attention to the use of language in literature and how it permeates humor. He allows language to "speak for itself" by using quotations, photographs, newspaper clippings, poems, advertisements, cartoons, and many other types of illustrative material that vividly complement his narrative. Author Crystal systematically covers the structural features of English, and includes a complete description of grammar, a summary of pronunciation and writing systems, and a thorough treatment of the size and complexity of vocabulary. He explains technical aspects in simple and accessible terms and includes a glossary to assist the reader with unclear language terminology. Highly visual with striking color illustrations, panels and boxed features throughout, this book is fascinating reading for the widest possible audience. David Crystal is the author of The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language (CUP, 1987) and the editor of The Cambridge Encyclopedia (CUP, 1990, 1994).

The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of Language

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521736503
Size: 12.40 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 524
View: 2355

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This new, thoroughly revised edition of the acclaimed Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language incorporates the major developments in language study which have taken place since the mid 1990s. Two main new areas have been added: the rise of electronic communication in all its current forms from email to texting, and the crisis affecting the world's languages, of which half are thought to be so seriously endangered that they will die out this century. • All language statistics have been updated, and additional information provided about their linguistic affiliation • All topics involving technology have been revised to take account of recent developments, notably in phonetics, language disability, and computing • Maps have been revised to include new countries or country names • Special attention has been paid to fast-moving areas such as language teaching and learning • The text design has been completely updated with many new illustrations throughout

The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of The Language Sciences

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the Language Sciences PDF
Author: Patrick Colm Hogan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107475908
Size: 75.91 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 1054
View: 2224

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Have you lost track of developments in generative linguistics, finding yourself unsure about the distinctive features of Minimalism? Would you like to know more about recent advances in the genetics of language, or about right hemisphere linguistic operation? Has your interest in narrative drawn you to question the relation between stories and grammars? The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the Language Sciences addresses these issues, along with hundreds of others. It includes basic entries for those unfamiliar with a given topic and more specific entries for those seeking more specialized knowledge. It incorporates both well-established findings and cutting-edge research and classical approaches and new theoretical innovations. The volume is aimed at readers who have an interest in some aspect of language science but wish to learn more about the broad range of ideas, findings, practices, and prospects that constitute this rapidly expanding field, a field arguably at the center of current research on the human mind and human society.

Language And The Internet

Language and the Internet PDF
Author: Honorary Professor of Linguistics David Crystal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521802123
Size: 68.53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 156

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The first popular examination of language on the Internet by a leading authority.

Language Death

Language Death PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521012713
Size: 59.84 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 198
View: 7021

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Looks at the reasons languages fall into disuse and often become extinct.

The Stories Of English

The Stories of English PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141015934
Size: 44.24 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 584
View: 4655

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Crystal turns the history of the language on its head and provides a startlingly original view of where the richness, creativity, and diversity of the language truly lies: in the accents and dialects of nonstandard English users all over the globe.

Das Heutige Englisch

Das heutige Englisch PDF
Author: Ernst Leisi
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783825305987
Size: 52.70 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : English language
Languages : de
Pages : 237
View: 7690

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Txtng The Gr8 Db8

Txtng  The Gr8 Db8 PDF
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191623407
Size: 62.10 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 6176

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This book takes a long hard look at the text-messaging phenomenon and its effects on literacy, language, and society. Young people who seem to spend much of their time texting sometimes appear unable or unwilling to write much else. Media outrage has ensued. "It is bleak, bald, sad shorthand," writes a commentator in the UK Guardian. "It masks dyslexia, poor spelling, and mental laziness." Exam answers using textese and reports that examiners find them acceptable have led to headlines in the tabloids and leaders in the qualities. Do young people text as much as people think? Do adults? Does texting spell the end of literacy? Is there a panic in the media? David Crystal looks at the evidence. He investigates how texting began and who uses it, why and what for. He shows how to interpret its mix of pictograms, logograms, abbreviations, symbols, and wordplay, and how it works in different languages. He explores the ways similar devices have been used in different eras and discovers that the texting system of conveying sounds and meaning goes back a long way, all the way in fact to the origins of writing - and he concludes that far from hindering literacy, texting may turn out to help it. Contents List

German Grammar Made Easy

German Grammar Made Easy PDF
Author: Lisa Kahlen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317307143
Size: 26.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 274
View: 278

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German Grammar Made Easy is the ideal introduction to the basics of German grammar for anyone new to the language or looking to refresh their knowledge. The Grammar features: • concise and jargon-free explanations supported by examples • exercises throughout to reinforce learning • a "fast-track" option for more advanced learners • a full answer key, making the Grammar ideal for self-study. German Grammar Made Easy presents the essential patterns and rules of the German language in a clear and accessible manner. It is the ideal Grammar for those wishing to supplement their learning and move beyond the phrasebook level.

Critique Of David Crystal S English Which Way Now

Critique of David Crystal   s  English  Which Way Now   PDF
Author: Florian König
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3640464893
Size: 49.44 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 3
View: 973

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Essay from the year 2008 in the subject English - Discussion and Essays, grade: 1,3, http://www.uni-jena.de/, course: Writing II, language: English, abstract: David Crystal who currently holds a position as honorary professor and part-time lecturer of linguistics at the University of Wales, Bangor, is a renowned author and editor whose works are mainly in the field of English language studies. He worked under Randolph Quirk as a researcher in the early 1960s and received an Order of the British Empire (OBE) for his services to the English language in 1995. Crystal is the patron of the International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language (IATEFL) and the Association for Language Learning (ALL), but is, according to his website1, best known for his two encyclopedias for Cambridge University Press, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language and The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language. In his article “Emerging Englishes” which was published in the educational magazine Spotlight (April 2000, 54-58) as a reworked version titled “English: Which Way Now?”, Crystal lobbies for an International Standard English as a possible solution for the increasing number of English variants throughout the world.

Concise Encyclopedia Of Languages Of The World

Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World PDF
Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080877753
Size: 21.72 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 1320
View: 3647

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Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World is an authoritative single-volume reference resource comprehensively describing the major languages and language families of the world. It will provide full descriptions of the phonology, semantics, morphology, and syntax of the world’s major languages, giving insights into their structure, history and development, sounds, meaning, structure, and language family, thereby both highlighting their diversity for comparative study, and contextualizing them according to their genetic relationships and regional distribution. Based on the highly acclaimed and award-winning Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, this volume will provide an edited collection of almost 400 articles throughout which a representative subset of the world's major languages are unfolded and explained in up-to-date terminology and authoritative interpretation, by the leading scholars in linguistics. In highlighting the diversity of the world’s languages — from the thriving to the endangered and extinct — this work will be the first point of call to any language expert interested in this huge area. No other single volume will match the extent of language coverage or the authority of the contributors of Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World. * Extraordinary breadth of coverage: a comprehensive selection of just under 400 articles covering the world's major languages, language families, and classification structures, issues and disputes * Peerless quality: based on 20 years of academic development on two editions of the leading reference resource in linguistics, Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics * Unique authorship: 350 of the world's leading experts brought together for one purpose * Exceptional editorial selection, review and validation process: Keith Brown and Sarah Ogilvie act as first-tier guarantors for article quality and coverage * Compact and affordable: one-volume format makes this suitable for personal study at any institution interested in areal, descriptive, or comparative language study - and at a fraction of the cost of the full encyclopedia