Molecular Systematics And Plant Evolution

Molecular Systematics and Plant Evolution PDF
Author: Peter M. Hollingsworth
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439833278
Size: 16.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 504
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Molecular Systematics and Plant Evolution discusses the diversity and evolution of plants with a molecular approach. It looks at population genetics, phylogeny (history of evolution) and developmental genetics, to provide a framework from which to understand evolutionary patterns and relationships amongst plants. The international panel of contributors are all respected systematists and evolutionary biologists, who have brought together a wide range of topics from the forefront of research while keeping the text accessible to students. It has been written for senior undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers in the fields of botany, systematics, population / conservation genetics, phylogenetics and evolutionary biology.

Plant Systematics

Plant Systematics PDF
Author: Michael G. Simpson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128126280
Size: 50.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 896
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Plant Systematics, Third Edition, has made substantial contributions to plant systematics courses at the upper-undergraduate and first year graduate level, with the first edition winning The New York Botanical Garden's Henry Allan Gleason Award for outstanding recent publication in plant taxonomy, plant ecology or plant geography. This third edition continues to provide the basis for teaching an introduction to the morphology, evolution and classification of land plants. A foundation of the approach, methods, research goals, evidence and terminology of plant systematics are presented, along with the most recent knowledge of evolutionary relationships of plants and practical information vital to the field. In this new edition, the author includes greatly expanded treatments on families of flowering plants, as well as tropical trees (all with full-color plates), and an updated explanation of maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference algorithms. Chapters on morphology and plant nomenclature have also been enhanced with new material. Covers research developments in plant molecular biology Features clear, detailed cladograms, drawings and photos Includes major revisions to chapters on phylogenetic systematics and plant morphology

Molecular Systematics Of Plants Ii

Molecular Systematics of Plants II PDF
Author: Pamela Soltis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461554195
Size: 66.10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 574
View: 2749

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In the five years since the publication of Molecular Systematics of Plants, the field of molecular systematics has advanced at an astonishing pace. This period has been marked by a volume of new empirical data and advances in theoretical and analytical issues related to DNA. Comparative DNA sequencing, facilitated by the amplification of DNA via the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), has become the tool of choice for molecular systematics. As a result, large portions of the Molecular Systematics of Plants have become outdated. Molecular Systematics of Plants II summarizes these recent achievements in plant molecular systematics. Like its predecessor, this completely revised work illustrates the potential of DNA markers for addressing a wide variety of phylogenetic and evolutionary questions. The volume provides guidance in choosing appropriate techniques, as well as appropriate genes for sequencing, for given levels of systematic inquiry. More than a review of techniques and previous work, Molecular Systematics of Plants II provides a stimulus for developing future research in this rapidly evolving field. Molecular Systematics of Plants II is not only written for systematists (faculty, graduate students, and researchers), but also for evolutionary biologists, botanists, and paleobotanists interested in reviewing current theory and practice in plant molecular systematics.

Molecular Systematics Of Plants

Molecular Systematics of Plants PDF
Author: Pamela S. Soltis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461532760
Size: 60.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 448
View: 5638

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The application of molecular techniques is rapidly transforming the study of plant systematics. The precision they offer enables researchers to classify plants that have not been subject to rigorous classification before and thus allows them to obtain a clearer picture of evolutionary relationships. Plant Molecular Systematics is arranged both conceptually and phylogenetically to accommodate the interests not only of general systematists, but also those of people interested in a particular plant family. The first part discusses molecular sequencing; the second reviews restriction site analysis and the sequencing of mitochondrial DNA. A third section details the analysis of ribosomal DNA and chloroplast DNA. The following section introduces model studies involving well-studied families such as the Onagraceae, Compositae and Leguminosae. The book concludes with a section addressing theoretical topics such as data analysis and the question of morphological vs. molecular data.

Plant Taxonomy And Biosystematics

Plant Taxonomy and Biosystematics PDF
Author: Clive A. Stace
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521427852
Size: 56.45 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 206

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A concise, up-to-date and fully-integrated discussion of present-day plant taxonomy.

Plant Systematics

Plant Systematics PDF
Author: Gurcharan Singh
Publisher: Science Publishers
ISBN: 9781578083510
Size: 68.47 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 561
View: 6113

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"The book strikes a balance between classical fundamental information and the recent developments in plant systematics. Special attention has been devoted to the information on botanical nomenclature, identification and phylogeny of angiosperms with numerous relevant examples and detailed explanation of the important nomenclatural problems. An attempt has been made to present a continuity between orthodox and contemporary identification methods by working on a common example. The methods of identification using computers have been further explored to help better online identification. The chapter on cladistic methods has been totally revised, and molecular systematics discussed in considerable detail."--Jacket.

Micromolecular Evolution Systematics And Ecology

Micromolecular Evolution  Systematics and Ecology PDF
Author: O.R. Gottlieb
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642686419
Size: 44.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 172
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For several decades botanists have been impressed by the discovery that the distribution of secondary plant substances follows the general lines of plant relationships. However, it soon became clear that little was to be gained from the study of individual compounds and their natural distribu tion. Therefore, more comprehensive studies were attempt ed in which the secondary chemistry of a major plant group was carefully studied and evaluated in the broader context of comparative phytochemistry. Holger Erdtman's admir able work on Coniferae is the foremost example of this kind. Since then, there has been an upswing in the study of the biosynthesis of secondary plant substances and it has become quite customary to make use of biosynthetic knowledge in interpreting chemosystematic evidence. More over, since taxonomists have insisted that use be made of all potentially available evidence for building classifications, it has been claimed that chemosystematics too should con sider the whole array of constituents present in a major taxon. However, in practice it has proved difficult to utilize fully the potential of natural product chemistry and biosynthetic studies for plant systematics and evolution, because bota nists found themselves rather disorientated by the scattered, often hardly accessible chemical literature and the fact that the chemical evidence was difficult for them to evaluate! Although the pioneering work of E. C.

Plant Systematics

Plant Systematics PDF
Author: G Singh
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439843635
Size: 43.91 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 756
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The focus of the present edition has been to further consolidate the information on the principles of plant systematic, include detailed discussion on all major systems of classification, and significantly, also include discussion on the selected families of vascular plants, without sacrificing the discussion on basic principles. The families included for discussion are largely those which have wide representation, as also those that are less known but significant in evaluating the phylogeny of angiosperms. The discussion of the families also has a considerable focus on their phylogenetic relationships, as evidenced by recent cladistic studies, with liberal citation of molecular data. Several additional families have been included for detailed discussion in the present volume.

Flowering Plants

Flowering Plants PDF
Author: K. Kubitzki
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3709170761
Size: 48.11 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 416
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The original suggestion to organize a symposium about the classi fication and evolution of the Flowering Plants was made at, the International Botanical Congress at Leningrad in 1975, and the idea was so well accepted by several colleagues that plans for such a symposium quickly took shape. An organizing committee consisting of Professor H. MERXMULLER, Miinchen, Professor V. H. HEYWOOD, Reading, and Professor K. KUBITZKI, Hamburg, was set up. The conference took place on 7-12 September 197tl in the Institut fiir Allgemeine Botanik of the University of Hamburg under the auspices of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy and was at tended by 80 participants from 14 countries. There have been several meetings in recent years which have dealt with the origin and evolution of the Flowering Plants so that it might be questioned whether yet another symposium dealing with more or less the same subject were really "justified. As the reader will see from the contents of the book, this symposium differed from similar ones held recently in two respects: 1. Emphasis was given to methodological aspects of the classification of higher taxa, and 2. much classificatory and evolutionary evidence relating to the higher taxa of Flowering Plants was presented.

Systematics Evolution And Biogeography Of Compositae

Systematics  Evolution  and Biogeography of Compositae PDF
Author: Vicki A. Funk
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 76.21 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Compositae
Languages : en
Pages : 965
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"This spectacular book does full justice to the Compositae (Asteraceae), the largest and most successful flowering plant family with some 1700 genera and 24,000 species. It is an indispensable reference, providing the most up-to-date hypotheses of phylogenetic relationships in the family based on molecular and morphological characters, along with the corresponding subfamilial and tribal classification. The 2009 work not only integrates the extensive molecular phylogenetic analyses conducted in the last 25 years, but also uses these to produce a metatree for about 900 taxa of Compositae. The book contains 44 chapters, contributed by 80 authors, covering the history, economic importance, character variation, and systematic and phylogenetic diversity of the family. The emphasis of this work is phylogenetic; its chapters provide a detailed, current, and thoroughly documented presentation of the major (and not so major) clades in the family, citing some 2632 references. Like the Compositae, the book is massive, diverse, and fascinating. It is beautifully illustrated, with 170 figures, and an additional 108 cladograms (all consistently color-coded, based on the geographic range of the included taxa); within these figures are displayed 443 color photographs, clearly demonstrating the amazing array of floral and vegetative form expressed by members of the clade." --NHBS Environment Bookstore.

Phylogeny And Evolution Of The Angiosperms

Phylogeny and Evolution of the Angiosperms PDF
Author: Douglas Soltis
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022644175X
Size: 49.63 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 560
View: 2041

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Although they are relative latecomers on the evolutionary scene, having emerged only 135‒170 million years ago, angiosperms—or flowering plants—are the most diverse and species-rich group of seed-producing land plants, comprising more than 15,000 genera and over 350,000 species. Not only are they a model group for studying the patterns and processes of evolutionary diversification, they also play major roles in our economy, diet, and courtship rituals, producing our fruits, legumes, and grains, not to mention the flowers in our Valentine’s bouquets. They are also crucial ecologically, dominating most terrestrial and some aquatic landscapes. This fully revised edition of Phylogeny and Evolution of the Angiosperms provides an up-to-date, comprehensive overview of the evolution of and relationships among these vital plants. Incorporating molecular phylogenetics with morphological, chemical, developmental, and paleobotanical data, as well as presenting a more detailed account of early angiosperm fossils and important fossil information for each evolutionary branch of the angiosperms, the new edition integrates fossil evidence into a robust phylogenetic framework. Featuring a wealth of new color images, this highly synthetic work further reevaluates long-held evolutionary hypotheses related to flowering plants and will be an essential reference for botanists, plant systematists, and evolutionary biologists alike.

Diversity And Evolutionary Biology Of Tropical Flowers

Diversity and Evolutionary Biology of Tropical Flowers PDF
Author: Peter K. Endress
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521565103
Size: 47.20 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 511
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A unique account of the structure, biology and evolution of tropical flowering plants.

Plant Taxonomy 2e

PLANT TAXONOMY 2E PDF
Author: SHARMA
Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: 1259081370
Size: 55.50 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Taxonomy
Languages : en
Pages :
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The revised edition of Plant Taxonomy is designed to present the current principles, practices and techniques of plant taxonomy and contemporary classifications, and also to describe important angiospermic families and groups. It provides a broad and up-to-date synthesis of this active and fascinating field of botany in the most effective manner.

Systematics And Evolution

Systematics and Evolution PDF
Author: David McLaughlin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540580089
Size: 71.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 366
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This is an exciting time to produce an overview of the systematics and evolution of the fungi. Molecular and subcellular characters have given us our first view of the true phylogeny of the fungi. The systematic chapters present detailed illustrated treatments of specific fungal groups with the authors' interpretation of the systematics of that group as well as a survey of specific economic, ecological, morphological, ultrastructural, molecular and cultural data. Other chapters, in addition to treating techniques useful in modern mycology, provide the reader with views of the place of the fungi among the Eukaryotes and relationships within the Mycota. Volume VII, Part A, includes an overview of the fungal hierarchy, Pseudomycota, Chytridiomycota, Zygomycota, Ascomycota and their yeasts, and anamorphic states. Volume VII, Part B, includes the Basidiomycota and their yeasts, and chapters on speciation, molecular evolution, preservation, computer techniques, and nomenclature.