Neurobiology Of Motor Control

Neurobiology of Motor Control PDF
Author: Scott L. Hooper
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118873408
Size: 19.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 512
View: 4213

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A multi-disciplinary look at the current state of knowledge regarding motor control and movement—from molecular biology to robotics The last two decades have seen a dramatic increase in the number of sophisticated tools and methodologies for exploring motor control and movement. Multi-unit recordings, molecular neurogenetics, computer simulation, and new scientific approaches for studying how muscles and body anatomy transform motor neuron activity into movement have helped revolutionize the field. Neurobiology of Motor Control brings together contributions from an interdisciplinary group of experts to provide a review of the current state of knowledge about the initiation and execution of movement, as well as the latest methods and tools for investigating them. The book ranges from the findings of basic scientists studying model organisms such as mollusks and Drosophila, to biomedical researchers investigating vertebrate motor production to neuroengineers working to develop robotic and smart prostheses technologies. Following foundational chapters on current molecular biological techniques, neuronal ensemble recording, and computer simulation, it explores a broad range of related topics, including the evolution of motor systems, directed targeted movements, plasticity and learning, and robotics. Explores motor control and movement in a wide variety of organisms, from simple invertebrates to human beings Offers concise summaries of motor control systems across a variety of animals and movement types Explores an array of tools and methodologies, including electrophysiological techniques, neurogenic and molecular techniques, large ensemble recordings, and computational methods Considers unresolved questions and how current scientific advances may be used to solve them going forward Written specifically to encourage interdisciplinary understanding and collaboration, and offering the most wide-ranging, timely, and comprehensive look at the science of motor control and movement currently available, Neurobiology of Motor Control is a must-read for all who study movement production and the neurobiological basis of movement—from molecular biologists to roboticists.

Broken Movement

Broken Movement PDF
Author: John W. Krakauer
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 026203722X
Size: 22.40 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 2864

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The current landscape of upper limb neurorehabilitation -- Upper limb paresis: phenotype, anatomy, and physiology -- Acute hemiparesis: spontaneous biological recovery, the -- Effect of training, sensitive periods, and reorganization -- The molecular and cellular biology of the peri-infarct -- Cortex and beyond: repair and reorganization -- A hierarchical framework for tissue repair after stroke -- Chronic hemiparesis: motor learning, compensation and the -- Challenge of reversing impairment in late stroke -- Pharmacological and cell therapies for recovery from stroke -- A future approach to neurorehabilitation after stroke: if -- Humans had wings

Neurobiology Of Neocortex

Neurobiology of Neocortex PDF
Author: Pasko Rakic
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
ISBN:
Size: 50.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 461
View: 1618

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Cerebral cortex is the crowning achievement of brain evolution. It is considered to be the site of maintenance and human creativity and is involved in major neurological and psychiatric disorders. This book provides a hypothesis of how this large assembly of neurons develops, reviews up-to-date axonal connections and local synaptic circuits, and gives a synthesis of its complex functions that range from perception and motor control to abstract thinking. The participants of this Dahlem workshop, who vary in their scientific expertise, convey the vigor of this exciting neurobiological field and suggest proposals for further research."

Motor Control

Motor Control PDF
Author: G.N. Gantchev
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780306425608
Size: 35.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 232
View: 6103

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This book encompasses part of the papers presented at the Fifth International Symposium on Motor Control held in Varna, Bulgaria from 10 to 14 June 1985. The Motor Control Symposia organized in Bulgaria became tradition following the successful initiation of Professor Gydikov and his collaborators of the previous four meetings (Sofia, 1969, Varna, 1972, Albena, 1976, Varna, 1981). More than 140 scientists participated in the last Symposium, 40 from East Europe, 15 from West Europe, 15 from USA and Canada. These Symposia established an opportunity for encounter of prom inent scientists from allover the world, representatives of different schools and mainstreams. The participation of R. Granit, W. R. Ashby, B. C. Matthews, V. S. Gurfinkel, E. V. Evarts etc., is to be mentioned. The main topics of the Symposium included: 1) Motor Unit Activity; 2) Reflex Control of Movements; 3) Central Control of Movements; 4) Posture Control; 5) Locomotion; 6) Arm Movement; 7) Motor Control Models. 43 oral presentations and 103 posters were reported, 36 of them being presented in this volume. The presented papers deal with the complex mechanisms of movement and posture control, investigations of considerable interest in recent years. This interest was prompted by the huge biological importance of the motor activity as a most common mechanism of adaptation to the environment. Motor activity is also inadvertently involved in various fields of human practice: occupational activities, including extreme conditions, motor handicaps, sports, bioprosthetic devices, bionics, robotics etc.

Behavioral Neurobiology Of Birdsong

Behavioral Neurobiology of Birdsong PDF
Author: Harris Philip Zeigler
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 21.53 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 788
View: 1450

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An overview of findings in the bird song system that have had a major impact on neuroscience research, and have fundamentally altered our concepts of brain function. The 32 papers constitute the proceedings of a conference on The Behavioural Neurobiology of Bird Song, held in New York in 2002.

Neuroscience Letters

Neuroscience Letters PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 60.44 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Neurology
Languages : en
Pages :
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Neurobiology Of Aging

Neurobiology of Aging PDF
Author: J. Ordy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780306379161
Size: 69.16 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 603
View: 1845

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Aging is one of the most universal and inevitable social and sci entific challenges confronting man. The lives of all multicellular organisms begin with conception, extend through phases of development, maturity, senescence and finally end in death. Man is no exception, but has the unique feature of a complex brain. It plays an integra tive role in adaptation to the physical and social environments through reflexes, conditioning and more complex forms of learning. The brain is a repository for both inherited and acquired information. With the development of speech and the formation of symbolic language, the human brain has made it possible to transmit information cultur ally (horizontal) to other members of society, in addition to genetic (vertical) transmission to progeny. This horizontal transmission, which has reached its highest form in man, is a powerful extension of genetic transmission. The brain may provide man all that is of im portance in life. It has played a key role in the evolution of life by maintaining and extending the life span. Many mental or intellectual capacities of man reach a peak in early adulthood, remain relatively constant throughout maturity and then appear to decline during senescence. Behaviorally, there appears to be a decrease in sensory, learning and motor functions with aging in all mammalian species. As integrated adaptive control systems, the brain and neuroendocrines have been closely associated with the homeostatic adaptation to environmental challenges throughout .the life span.

Motor Control

Motor Control PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 67.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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Neurobiology Of Alcohol Abuse

Neurobiology of Alcohol Abuse PDF
Author: William J. Haugen Light
Publisher: Charles C Thomas Pub Limited
ISBN:
Size: 61.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 169
View: 4078

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Neurobiology Of Drug Abuse

Neurobiology of Drug Abuse PDF
Author: J. Marwah
Publisher: S Karger Ag
ISBN: 9783805545617
Size: 11.42 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 162
View: 3360

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The Neurobiology Of An Insect Brain

The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain PDF
Author: Malcolm Burrows
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN:
Size: 19.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 682
View: 6634

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This book reviews recent advances in insect neurobiology. By concentrating largely on one insect, the locust, this book unravels the mechanisms by which a brain integrates the vast array of sensory information to generate movement and behavior.