Neurobiology Of Addiction

Neurobiology of Addiction PDF
Author: George F. Koob
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080497373
Size: 37.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 504
View: 644

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Neurobiology of Addiction is conceived as a current survey and synthesis of the most important findings in our understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms of addiction over the past 50 years. The book includes a scholarly introduction, thorough descriptions of animal models of addiction, and separate chapters on the neurobiological mechanisms of addiction for psychostimulants, opioids, alcohol, nicotine and cannabinoids. Key information is provided about the history, sources, and pharmacokinetics and psychopathology of addiction of each drug class, as well as the behavioral and neurobiological mechanism of action for each drug class at the molecular, cellular and neurocircuitry level of analysis. A chapter on neuroimaging and drug addiction provides a synthesis of exciting new data from neuroimaging in human addicts — a unique perspective unavailable from animal studies. The final chapters explore theories of addiction at the neurobiological and neuroadaptational level both from a historical and integrative perspective. The book incorporates diverse finding with an emphasis on integration and synthesis rather than discrepancies or differences in the literature. · Presents a unique perspective on addiction that emphasizes molecular, cellular and neurocircuitry changes in the transition to addiction · Synthesizes diverse findings on the neurobiology of addiction to provide a heuristic framework for future work · Features extensive documentation through numerous original figures and tables that that will be useful for understanding and teaching

Neuroscience Of Psychoactive Substance Use And Dependence

Neuroscience of Psychoactive Substance Use and Dependence PDF
Author: WHO
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241562358
Size: 69.58 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 1224

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Provides an authoritative summary of current knowledge of the biological basis of substance use behaviours, including their relationship with environmental factors.

The Neurobiology Of Addiction

The Neurobiology of Addiction PDF
Author: Trevor W. Robbins
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199562156
Size: 60.64 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 307
View: 7428

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In the past two decades, there have been astonishing advances in our understanding of the neurobiological basis and nature of drug addiction. We now know the initial molecular sites of action, at identified receptors, of virtually all of the major drugs of abuse including cocaine, heroin, and amphetamine, as well as legal drugs such as nicotine and alcohol. We also understand the main components of a 'reward system' and its connections to major brain regions involved in motivation and emotion, such as the amygdala, hippocampus, and prefrontal cortex. The Neurobiology of Addiction describes the latest advances in our understanding of addiction. It brings together world class researchers to debate the nature and extent of addiction, as well as its causes, consequences, and treatment. The focus of the book is on the brain processes underlying addiction, in terms of neural systems, neurochemical basis, and molecular changes. Several types of addiction are discussed ranging from illicit drugs - cocaine, amphetamine, and heroin to legal drugs - alcohol and nicotine. In addition, it explores increasingly common behavioural addictions such as gambling and obesity. Included are chapters on vulnerability to addiction, genetic factors, opponent motivational processes, animal models, relapse, cognitive deficits associated with drug abuse, new pharmacological treatments, and current controversies concerning different neuropsychological theories of addiction. Throughout, it reports on cutting edge research using brain imaging, and state of the art molecular methodology. The book will make fascinating reading for students and teachers in the field of neuroscience, pharmacology and psychology, as well as experts in the field.

Neurobiology Of Drug Abuse

Neurobiology of Drug Abuse PDF
Author: J. Marwah
Publisher: S Karger Ag
ISBN: 9783805545617
Size: 39.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 162
View: 126

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The Neurobiology Of Drug And Alcohol Addiction

The Neurobiology of Drug and Alcohol Addiction PDF
Author: Peter W. Kalivas
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780897667111
Size: 35.45 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 545
View: 2606

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This text presents the proceedings of a New York Academy of Sciences conference, held in July 1991. Latest advances in chronic drug and alcohol use at molecular, cellular, systems and cognitive levels are comprehensively described including the state of knowledge, directions for future research and clinical applications.

Drugs Addiction And The Brain

Drugs  Addiction  and the Brain PDF
Author: George F. Koob
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123869595
Size: 37.27 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 350
View: 2847

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Drugs, Addiction, and the Brain explores the molecular, cellular, and neurocircuitry systems in the brain that are responsible for drug addiction. Common neurobiological elements are emphasized that provide novel insights into how the brain mediates the acute rewarding effects of drugs of abuse and how it changes during the transition from initial drug use to compulsive drug use and addiction. The book provides a detailed overview of the pathophysiology of the disease. The information provided will be useful for neuroscientists in the field of addiction, drug abuse treatment providers, and undergraduate and postgraduate students who are interested in learning the diverse effects of drugs of abuse on the brain. Full-color circuitry diagrams of brain regions implicated in each stage of the addiction cycle Actual data figures from original sources illustrating key concepts and findings Introduction to basic neuropharmacology terms and concepts Introduction to numerous animal models used to study diverse aspects of drug use. Thorough review of extant work on the neurobiology of addiction

Opioids Addiction

Opioids Addiction PDF
Author: George F. Koob
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128169893
Size: 65.14 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 350
View: 5277

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A current survey and synthesis of the most important findings in our understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms of addiction is detailed in our Neurobiology of Addiction series, each volume addressing a specific area of addiction. Opioids Addiction, Volume 4 in the series, explores the molecular, cellular and systems in the brain responsible for opioid addiction. This volume introduces the readers to the history of opioid use including the medical uses of opioids. The authors clearly define the neurobiological effects into three distinct steps: Binge/Intoxication Stage, Withdrawal/Negative Affect Stage and last the Preoccupation/Anticipation Stage. Highlights recent advances in opioid addiction Includes Neurocircuitry, Cellular and Molecular neurobiological mechanisms of opioid addiction Defines opioid abuse and addiction potential including biological tolerance

Substance Abuse

Substance Abuse PDF
Author: Joyce H. Lowinson
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 9780781734745
Size: 11.63 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 1421
View: 1564

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The premier text on substance abuse and addictive behaviors is now in its updated and expanded Fourth Edition, with up-to-the-minute insights from more than 150 experts at the front lines of patient management and research. This edition features expanded coverage of the neurobiology of abused substances, new pharmacologic therapies for addictions, and complete information on “club drugs” such as Ecstasy. New sections focus on addiction in children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly and women’s health issues, including pregnancy. The expanded behavioral addictions section now includes hoarding, shopping, and computer/Internet abuse. Includes access to a Companion wesbite that has fully searchable text.

Neurobiology Of Violence

Neurobiology of Violence PDF
Author: Jan Volavka
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 9781585627820
Size: 19.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 410
View: 2821

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Every clinician today needs a basic understanding of what causes violent behavior. The second edition of Neurobiology of Violence synthesizes current research on the origins of violence and reveals its implications for managing aggressive patients and minimizing risk. Author Jan Volavka, currently Chief of Clinical Research at the Nathan S. Kline Institute, spent time in a Nazi prison as a child and has devoted much of his career to studying violence in humans. In Neurobiology of Violence, Second Edition, he brought together research and clinical data from many diverse disciplines in a single-authored volume with a unified voice that is clearly written and interesting to read. Neurobiology of Violence, Second Edition, will give you a firm grounding in a complex subject that will help you diagnose, manage, and predict violent behavior. In the first part of the book you'll examine the basic science of the origins of violence in humans, such as Factors in animal aggression that have parallels in human aggression, including the relationship between serotonin and aggression The genetic and environmental factors that interplay from conception to adulthood to result in violence. In the latter part, you'll develop new insights and strategies for working with violent patients in discussions of the latest clinical science, including Major mental disorders and violent behaviors, including behaviors expressed in the community and those in psychiatric hospitals Alcohol and various drugs and the tendencies of each type of abuse to predispose people to violence Current psychopharmacological approaches to managing violent behavior in patients. With more than 1000 updated references, the second edition of Neurobiology of Violence is a seminal resource for clinicians. It is an important tool for psychiatrists, neurologists, psychologists, and all other clinicians who struggle to understand and treat violent patients.

Introduction To Addiction

Introduction to Addiction PDF
Author: George F. Koob
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128167955
Size: 38.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 278
View: 1568

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Introduction to Addiction, Volume One in the series, introduces the reader to the study of neurobiology of addiction by clearly defining addiction and its neuroadaptational views. This volume includes thorough descriptions of the various animal models applicable to the study of addiction, including Animal Models of the Binge-Intoxication Stage of the Addiction Cycle and Animal Models of Vulnerability to Addiction. The book's authors also include a section on numerous neurobiological theories that aid in the understanding of addiction, including dopamine, prefrontal cortex and relapse. Provides neurobiological theories on how addiction works Explains addiction cycle stages of binge, withdrawal and anticipation Reviews the role of dopamine and the frontal cortex in addiction Discusses the neurocircuitry of reward and stress Includes animal models and neuroadaptational views on addiction

Neurobiology Of Addiction And Co Morbid Disorders

Neurobiology of Addiction and Co Morbid Disorders PDF
Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128203560
Size: 39.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 488
View: 6433

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Neurobiology of Addiction and Comorbid Disorders, Volume 156, in the International Review of Neurobiology series, highlights new advances in the field of neurobiology, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on topics such as Pain + Alcohol, Pain + Opioids, Traumatic Stress + Alcohol, Traumatic Stress + Cannabinoids, Traumatic Brain Injury and the Misuse of Alcohol, Opioids, and Cannabis, Depression + Addiction, Microbiome/cytokines + Addiction, Cognitive disorders + Alcohol, Neural stem cells, Neurogenesis and Addiction, Food Addiction, and Poly-drug Addiction. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the International Review of Neurobiology series Updated release includes the latest information on the Neurobiology of Addiction and Co-Morbid Disorders

Directory Of Research Grants 2002

Directory of Research Grants 2002 PDF
Author: Grants Program
Publisher: Greenwood
ISBN: 9781573564885
Size: 70.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Fellowships and scholarships
Languages : en
Pages : 908
View: 3608

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More than 5,100 current programs from 1,880 sponsors, including U.S. and foreign foundations, corporations, government agencies, and other organizations.

Neurobiology Of Alcohol Abuse

Neurobiology of Alcohol Abuse PDF
Author: William J. Haugen Light
Publisher: Charles C Thomas Pub Limited
ISBN:
Size: 56.88 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 169
View: 4558

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The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook Of Substance Abuse Treatment

The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment PDF
Author: Marc Galanter
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 1585625183
Size: 46.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 980
View: 3295

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No other text available today offers what The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment can: completely updated treatment information on a broad range of substance use disorders that is consistent with the new DSM-5 classification and thus reflective of how psychiatry is practiced today. Designed for researchers and mental health professionals ranging from trainee to licensed practitioner, the book is also appropriate for a diverse array of rehabilitation settings, from inpatient to community-based treatment. Full coverage is provided on 12-step programs, as well, including the latest outcomes research. Much of the material is new to this edition: A chapter has been added on science in the treatment of substance abuse, in which the authors discuss the history of scientific intervention in substance abuse and explore what happens to the brain when addicting drugs are consumed, review animal models and imaging techniques, and discuss current progress in the science of addiction. Chapters have been added on screening and brief intervention, reflecting the development of brief screening tools and research on the efficacy of interventions, and the role of "recovery" in chronic care disease management -- specifically what the treatment models for alcohol dependence and for diabetes can effectively borrow from each other. A new chapter focuses on the treatment of alcohol intoxication and withdrawal -- the first steps in treatment of alcohol use disorder. Two chapters on marijuana -- one on the neurobiology and one addressing treatment have been added. Given the accelerating trend toward decriminalization and legalization of this substance, clinicians will find this information of increasing importance. The section on substance use issues among gay men and lesbians has been expanded to include bisexual and transgender people in recognition of increased diversity among the population. Well-structured, with topics that follow logically and many practical, treatment-oriented features, such as quick reference tables and lists of recommended readings, The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment is a classic that will enhance the education and practice of clinicians.