Learning Clinical Reasoning

Learning Clinical Reasoning PDF
Author: Jerome P. Kassirer
Publisher: LWW
ISBN:
Size: 56.38 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 329
View: 3432

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Learning Clinical Reasoning uses a case-based approach to teach students the basics of clinical reasoning. The first section explains the chief components of the clinical reasoning process, such as generating and refining diagnostic hypotheses, using and interpreting diagnostic tests, assembling a working diagnosis, therapeutic decision-making, and examining and applying evidence, and also includes a discussion of cognitive errors. The second section contains 69 cases in which clinicians "think out loud" about diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas, and the authors critique these clinicians' reasoning. This edition has thirty new cases from theNew England Journal of Medicine and other sources and expanded discussions of evidence-based medicine, clinical practice guidelines, and cognitive errors.

Abc Of Clinical Reasoning

ABC of Clinical Reasoning PDF
Author: Nicola Cooper
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119059089
Size: 65.83 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 64
View: 1473

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Being a good clinician is not just about knowledge – how doctors and other healthcare professionals think, reason and make decisions is arguably their most critical skill. While medical schools and postgraduate training programmes teach and assess the knowledge and skills required to practice as a doctor, few offer comprehensive training in clinical reasoning or decision making. This is important because studies suggest that diagnostic error is common and results in significant harm to patients – and errors in reasoning account for the majority of diagnostic errors. The ABC of Clinical Reasoning covers core elements of the thinking and decision making associated with clinical practice – from what clinical reasoning is, what it involves and how to teach it. Informed by the latest advances in cognitive psychology, education and studies of expertise, the ABC covers: Evidence-based history and examination Use and interpretation of diagnostic tests How doctors think – models of clinical reasoning Cognitive and affective biases Metacognition and cognitive de-biasing strategies Patient-centred evidence based medicine Teaching clinical reasoning From an international team of authors, the ABC of Clinical Reasoning is essential reading for all students, medical professionals and other clinicians involved in diagnosis, in order to improve their decision-making skills and provide better patient care.

Clinical Reasoning In The Health Professions

Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions PDF
Author: Joy Higgs
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0750688858
Size: 63.60 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 504
View: 5341

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Clinical reasoning is the foundation of professional clinical practice. Totally revised and updated, this book continues to provide the essential text on the theoretical basis of clinical reasoning in the health professions and examines strategies for assisting learners, scholars and clinicians develop their reasoning expertise. key chapters revised and updated nature of clinical reasoning sections have been expanded increase in emphasis on collaborative reasoning core model of clinical reasoning has been revised and updated

Clinical Reasoning

Clinical Reasoning PDF
Author: Beate Klemme
Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag
ISBN: 3131981024
Size: 60.79 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : de
Pages : 240
View: 1329

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Therapeutische Denkprozesse lernen und reflektieren Mit dem Verfahren des Clinical Reasoning (CR) werden Denk- und Entscheidungsprozesse des therapeutischen Handelns vermittelt. Es bedarf viel Übung und Erfahrung, das Untersuchen, die Hypothesenbildung und die Denkprozesse des CR zu lehren und zu lernen. Dieses Buch zeigt, auf welche Weise Experten ihr Wissen in der Berufspraxis an Anfänger weitergeben und wie sich Expertenwissen durch die kollegiale Beratung im therapeutischen Team entwickeln kann. Die 2., überarbeitete Auflage enthält aktuelle Fallbeispiele und neue Kapitel. Dabei wird erklärt: - der Zusammenhang zwischen Evidence Based Practice und Clinical Reasoning - die differenziertere Darstellung des ethischen und interaktiven Reasoning - die Fähigkeit der Mustererkennung, als typische Denkstrategie der Experten - Clinical Reasoning im interprofessionellen Team - Clinical Reasoning im Skilllab lernen - ein neuer Lernort - Förderung der Mustererkennung als Denkstrategie (im Sinne von Lehren und Lernen)

Clinical Reasoning In The Health Professions E Book

Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions E Book PDF
Author: Joy Higgs
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0702065056
Size: 50.37 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 532
View: 7300

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Clinical reasoning lies at the core of health care practice and education. Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions, therefore, occupies a central place in the education of health professionals, the enhancement of professional decision making of individuals and groups of practitioners with their clients, and research into optimal practice reasoning. All chapters updated and 20 new chapters added Concrete examples, cases and vignettes were added to bring discussions to life for the reader Reflection points strategically placed to assist readers to extend their insights and build learning from their own practical experiences and theoretical knowledge Devices of particular value to reflective practitioners and educators All chapters updated and 20 new chapters added Concrete examples, cases and vignettes were added to bring discussions to life for the reader Reflection points strategically placed to assist readers to extend their insights and build learning from their own practical experiences and theoretical knowledge Devices of particular value to reflective practitioners and educators.

Abc Of Clinical Reasoning

ABC of Clinical Reasoning PDF
Author: Nicola Cooper
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119059100
Size: 21.69 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 64
View: 6463

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Being a good clinician is not just about knowledge – how doctors and other healthcare professionals think, reason and make decisions is arguably their most critical skill. While medical schools and postgraduate training programmes teach and assess the knowledge and skills required to practice as a doctor, few offer comprehensive training in clinical reasoning or decision making. This is important because studies suggest that diagnostic error is common and results in significant harm to patients – and errors in reasoning account for the majority of diagnostic errors. The ABC of Clinical Reasoning covers core elements of the thinking and decision making associated with clinical practice – from what clinical reasoning is, what it involves and how to teach it. Informed by the latest advances in cognitive psychology, education and studies of expertise, the ABC covers: Evidence-based history and examination Use and interpretation of diagnostic tests How doctors think – models of clinical reasoning Cognitive and affective biases Metacognition and cognitive de-biasing strategies Patient-centred evidence based medicine Teaching clinical reasoning From an international team of authors, the ABC of Clinical Reasoning is essential reading for all students, medical professionals and other clinicians involved in diagnosis, in order to improve their decision-making skills and provide better patient care.

Clinical Reasoning Und Der Pflegeprozess Als Cra Prozess In Der Altenpflege

Clinical Reasoning und der Pflegeprozess als CRA Prozess in der Altenpflege PDF
Author: Horst Siegfried Kolb
Publisher: disserta Verlag
ISBN: 3954254786
Size: 49.11 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : de
Pages : 192
View: 7493

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Als Literaturrecherche wird die deutsch- und englischsprachigen Fachliteratur zu diesem Themenkomplex bearbeitet, ergänzt durch Erfahrungen und Beispielen aus der Praxis. Im ersten Teil werden Clinical Reasoning und Pflegeprozess vorgestellt und zum CRA-Prozess zusammengefasst. Es wird auf Eigenschaften und Tugenden eingegangen, die helfen, den Prozess des Clinical Reasoning umzusetzen. Um das Thema zu erfassen sind Kenntnisse der Prozess-Schritte notwendig, die im Anschluss vorgestellt werden. Im vierten Teil werden die Ebenen erläutert, in denen der CR-Prozess das Pflegesetting determiniert. Mit dem Situated Clinical Decision-Making Framework wird ein Modell vorgestellt, welches eingesetzt werden kann um den Entscheidungsprozess voranzubringen. Der Teil 6 geht vorwiegend auf die geläufigsten Formen ein, beschreibt aber auch CR-Formen, die weniger häufig in der Literatur zu finden sind. Im Anschluss werden Richtungen des CR und übergreifenden Formen vorgestellt sowie auf temporäre Ebenen eingegangen. Die sechs Elemente des Clinical Reasoning finden ihre Beschreibung im 10. Kapitel, dem sich förderliche Instrumente anschließen. Der CR-Prozess mündet schließlich in einen Entscheidungsprozess, der im vorletzten Gliederungspunkt behandelt wird. Eine Zusammenfassung mit Kritik und Ausblick schließen den textlichen Teil ab.

Principles And Practice Of Case Based Clinical Reasoning Education

Principles and Practice of Case based Clinical Reasoning Education PDF
Author: Olle ten Cate
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319648284
Size: 39.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 207
View: 1626

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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This volume describes and explains the educational method of Case-Based Clinical Reasoning (CBCR) used successfully in medical schools to prepare students to think like doctors before they enter the clinical arena and become engaged in patient care. Although this approach poses the paradoxical problem of a lack of clinical experience that is so essential for building proficiency in clinical reasoning, CBCR is built on the premise that solving clinical problems involves the ability to reason about disease processes. This requires knowledge of anatomy and the working and pathology of organ systems, as well as the ability to regard patient problems as patterns and compare them with instances of illness scripts of patients the clinician has seen in the past and stored in memory. CBCR stimulates the development of early, rudimentary illness scripts through elaboration and systematic discussion of the courses of action from the initial presentation of the patient to the final steps of clinical management. The book combines general backgrounds of clinical reasoning education and assessment with a detailed elaboration of the CBCR method for application in any medical curriculum, either as a mandatory or as an elective course. It consists of three parts: a general introduction to clinical reasoning education, application of the CBCR method, and cases that can used by educators to try out this method.

Clinical Reasoning Cases In Nursing E Book

Clinical Reasoning Cases in Nursing   E Book PDF
Author: Mariann M. Harding
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323525121
Size: 10.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 688
View: 7422

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Hone your ability to make sound clinical nursing judgment via a conceptual approach to teaching and learning with Harding & Snyder’s Clinical Reasoning Cases in Nursing, 7th Edition. This time-tested case study approach is highly regarded for its clinically relevant and thought-provoking cases. With each adoption, you’ll be able to tap into 150 unique case studies covering all four clinical practice areas: medical-surgical, pediatric, OB/maternity, and psychiatric nursing, all newly organized to facilitate a conceptual approach to teaching and learning. Each case covers a common patient problem, drawn from actual clinical experiences and written by nurses who are clinical experts. Cases include integrated content on pharmacology, nutrition, and diagnostic/laboratory tests to encourage you to think critically about all aspects of patient care. The 7th edition features a new concept-based organization, an enhanced focus on interprofessional collaboration and QSEN, 20 all-new case studies, and updated content throughout to reflect the most current standards of clinical practice. Awarded second place in the 2019 AJN Book of the Year Awards in Medical-Surgical category. Comprehensive assortment of 150 case studies draws from actual clinical experiences in medical-surgical, pediatric, OB/maternity, and psychiatric clinical areas to help you think critically, prioritize, and deliver proactive nursing care. Critical thinking approach helps you learn to identify changes, anticipate possible complications, and initiate therapeutic interventions. Progressive case complexity builds on previous learning to help you gradually develop more and more expertise. NEW & UNIQUE! Concept-based organization mirrors the growing use of concept-based curricula and conceptual approaches to teaching and learning in nursing education. NEW! 20 all-new cases and four extensively-revised cases that address important contemporary healthcare issues and allow for better coordination with Giddens, HESI, and other exemplar lists. NEW! Updated content throughout reflects the latest evidence-based clinical practice, including national and international treatment guidelines. NEW! Enhanced focus on interprofessional collaboration identifies opportunities for interprofessional collaboration are discussed. NEW! Greater consistency with the NCLEX Exam includes revisions like the elimination of most drug trade names and the inclusion of Canadian lab values. Enhanced QSEN safety emphasis is highlighted with a "target" icon to communicate "caution" or "safety." NEW! Increased emphasis on sepsis and antibiotic resistance throughout that addresses the growing problem of sepsis (a new Joint Commission "core measure") and antibiotic resistance where appropriate throughout. NEW! Improved answer spacing ensures that space left for answers reflects what is actually needed.

The Essentials Of Clinical Reasoning For Nurses Using The Outcome Present State Test Model For Reflective Practice

The Essentials of Clinical Reasoning for Nurses  Using the Outcome Present State Test Model for Reflective Practice PDF
Author: RuthAnne Kuiper
Publisher: Sigma Theta Tau
ISBN: 1945157097
Size: 10.94 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 464
View: 4557

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In today’s healthcare environment of scarce resources and challenges related to safety and quality, nurses must make decision after decision to ensure timely, accurate, and efficient provision of care. Solid decision-making, or lack thereof, can significantly affect patient care and outcomes. Clinical reasoning – how a nurse processes information and chooses what action to take – is a skill vital to nursing practice and split-second decisions. And yet, developing the clinical reasoning to make good decisions takes time, education, experience, patience, and reflection. Along the way, nurses can benefit from a successful, practical model that demystifies and advances clinical reasoning skills. In The Essentials of Clinical Reasoning for Nurses, authors RuthAnne Kuiper, Sandra O’Donnell, Daniel Pesut, and Stephanie Turrise provide a model that supports learning and teaching clinical reasoning, development of reflective and complex thinking, clinical supervision, and care planning through scenarios, diagnostic cues, case webs, and more.

Clinical Reasoning In Occupational Therapy

Clinical Reasoning in Occupational Therapy PDF
Author: Linda Robertson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118281543
Size: 17.78 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 256

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Clinical Reasoning in Occupational Therapy is a key text for occupational therapy students and practitioners. Written by an internationally renowned group of clinicians, educators and academics and with a central case study running throughout, the book covers the theory and practice of the following key topics: Working and Thinking in Different Contexts; Teaching as Reasoning; Ethical Reasoning; Diversity in Reasoning; Working and Thinking within 'Evidence Frameworks'; Experience as a Framework; The Client. FEATURES includes case studies problem-solving framework questions at the end of each chapter commentaries on key topics relates theory to practice

Critical Thinking Clinical Reasoning And Clinical Judgment

Critical Thinking  Clinical Reasoning  and Clinical Judgment PDF
Author: Rosalinda Alfaro-LeFevre
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780323676922
Size: 44.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 5369

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Learn to apply critical thinking and clinical reasoning to every clinical experience! Alfaro's Critical Thinking, Clinical Reasoning, and Clinical Judgment, 7th Edition brings the concepts of critical thinking, clinical reasoning, and clinical judgment to life through engaging text, diverse learning activities, and real-life examples. This easy-to-read, engaging textbook uses a "how to" approach to help you prepare for the NCLEX® Examination and, even more importantly, think like an expert nurse in clinical practice. The 7th edition emphasizes the need for critical thinking and critical appraisal when searching online for healthcare information, an increased focus on interprofessional collaboration, and expanded content on the growing trends of competency assessment, electronic charting (informatics) and "thinking beyond the EHR", and much more - making the book even more relevant to clinical practice. Clear, straightforward approach and motivational writing style provides vivid examples, memorable anecdotes, and real-life case scenarios to make content come alive. Focus on application ("how to") with supporting rationales (theory) makes difficult concepts easy to learn. Critical Thinking Indicators feature evidence-based descriptions of behaviors that foster critical thinking in nursing practice. Highlighted features and sections that promote deep learning include: This Chapter at a Glance, Learning Outcomes, Key Concepts, Guiding Principle boxes, Critical Moments boxes, Other Perspectives features, Think-Pair-Share activities, H.M.O. (Help Me Out) cartoons, real-life clinical scenarios, Key Points, Critical Thinking Exercises, and more! Cultural, spiritual, and lifespan content explores the nurse's role in hospitals, long-term care settings, and entire communities, presenting a broad approach to critical thinking. Inclusion of ethics- and standards-based professional practice reflects the increased demand for accountability in today's professional climate. Timely coverage of the latest in nursing education and critical thinking includes concept-based learning; QSEN and IOM standards; problem-focused versus outcome-focused thinking; prioritization and delegation; developing a culture of safe, healthy work environments; expanding roles related to diagnosis and management; improving grades and passing tests the first time; NCLEX exam preparation; ensuring that documentation reflects critical thinking; communication and interpersonal skills; strategies for common workplace challenges; and more. NEW! Spotlight on systems thinking teaches you to consider how things are related, while coverage of conceptual thinking helps you focus on big ideas first. NEW! Information on effective clinical simulations encourages learning through practice and debriefing. NEW! Clinical reasoning principles are highlighted throughout to ensure you are practice ready. NEW! Current critical judgment models are illustrated and explained in a clear, engaging style. NEW! Expanded content on growing nursing trends addresses competency assessment, electronic charting (informatics) and "thinking beyond the EHR," clinical evaluation, and preceptor and learner strategies. NEW! Strong emphasis on interprofessional collaboration includes new content on its growing importance in health care.

Theory And Practice Of Nursing

Theory and Practice of Nursing PDF
Author: Lynn Basford
Publisher: Nelson Thornes
ISBN: 9780748758388
Size: 37.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 854
View: 2374

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This title aims to cover the needs of the pre-registration nursing student, serving as a study guide and a foundation text. It emphasises the importance of community care and the social and cultural aspects of nursing. of Fitness for Practice, Fitness for Purpose and Fitness for Award.

The Hands On Guide To Clinical Reasoning In Medicine

The Hands on Guide to Clinical Reasoning in Medicine PDF
Author: Mujammil Irfan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119244005
Size: 63.67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 368
View: 2900

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The Hands-on Guide to Clinical Reasoning in Medicine is the perfect companion to your time on clinical placements, providing an easy-to-read, highly visual guide to help develop your clinical decision making skills, and transfer your knowledge into practice. Packed full of useful tips, key boxes, exercises and summaries that are designed to help you apply the knowledge gained in clinical practice. Divided into the common clinical placements that you would find yourself in: Respiratory, Cardiovascular, Neurology, Geriatrics, Gastroenterology, Nephrology, Endocrinology and Rheumatology, each chapter covers the diagnosis of common clinical conditions, as well as decision-making in their investigation and management. Written for medical students in their clinical years, as well as new doctors and advanced nurse practitioners, The Hands-on Guide to Clinical Reasoning in Medicine provides students with an accessible resource for honing their clinical reasoning skills. Take the stress out of clinical decision making with The Hands-on Guide!