Human Motor Control

Human Motor Control PDF
Author: David A. Rosenbaum
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080571085
Size: 25.18 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 300
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Human Motor Control is a elementary introduction to the field of motor control, stressing psychological, physiological, and computational approaches. Human Motor Control cuts across all disciplines which are defined with respect to movement: physical education, dance, physical therapy, robotics, and so on. The book is organized around major activity areas. A comprehensive presentation of the major problems and topics in human motor control Incorporates applications of work that lie outside traditional sports or physical education teaching

Motor Control And Learning

Motor Control and Learning PDF
Author: Richard A. Schmidt
Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
ISBN: 9780736042581
Size: 41.52 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 537
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The authors offer a comprehensive introduction to motor behaviour, aimed at students & rehabilitation professionals.

Motor Control In Humans

Motor Control in Humans PDF
Author: Waclaw Petrynski Katowice
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781634850360
Size: 62.65 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 503
View: 6936

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Through time, an organism gains the ability to actively control purpose and then transform it into inventiveness. With this transformation, the psyche is born. It is practically incomprehensible to direct experimental research and mathematical description. Hence, to transform rough knowledge into highly processed science, it seems reasonable to follow in the footsteps of evolution and to apply the systemic way of description of biological phenomena and processes. One might deduce that evolution has already made all the essential errors, so this path of scientific thinking is relatively free from intellectual minds. The only observable manifestation of any psychical activity of the human mind is movement, which is the subject of interest of the scientific discipline termed motor control. So, without psychology, motor control is mindless; yet, without motor control, psychology is also blind. Nevertheless, it seems that motor control may make a window, enabling a view with intellectual and not experimental methodology into the human mind. Even the physical part of reality is too complex to be described in full. To understand this intricate idea somehow, it is necessary to create the simplified representations of reality, or theories. As a result, science is not able to determine how reality is; it may only produce more or less useful descriptions of reality. This book makes an attempt at the creation of such a system-theoretical description of issues concerning the motor behavior of living beings, including humans. It suggests the very nature of essential processes underlying this essential biological process.

Human Robotics

Human Robotics PDF
Author: Etienne Burdet
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262536412
Size: 73.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 296
View: 4390

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A synthesis of biomechanics and neural control that draws on recent advances in robotics to address control problems solved by the human sensorimotor system. This book proposes a transdisciplinary approach to investigating human motor control that synthesizes musculoskeletal biomechanics and neural control. The authors argue that this integrated approach--which uses the framework of robotics to understand sensorimotor control problems--offers a more complete and accurate description than either a purely neural computational approach or a purely biomechanical one. The authors offer an account of motor control in which explanatory models are based on experimental evidence using mathematical approaches reminiscent of physics. These computational models yield algorithms for motor control that may be used as tools to investigate or treat diseases of the sensorimotor system and to guide the development of algorithms and hardware that can be incorporated into products designed to assist with the tasks of daily living. The authors focus on the insights their approach offers in understanding how movement of the arm is controlled and how the control adapts to changing environments. The book begins with muscle mechanics and control, progresses in a logical manner to planning and behavior, and describes applications in neurorehabilitation and robotics. The material is self-contained, and accessible to researchers and professionals in a range of fields, including psychology, kinesiology, neurology, computer science, and robotics.

Motor Behavior And Human Skill

Motor Behavior and Human Skill PDF
Author: Jan P. Piek
Publisher: Human Kinetics
ISBN: 9780880116756
Size: 24.96 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 434
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Motor Behavior and Human Skill details the most recent research in motor control and human skill. The book provides a forum for the analysis of the many diverse theoretical approaches used in the understanding of motor control, including the cognitive, dynamical systems, computational, and neurological approaches.

Progress In Motor Control

Progress in Motor Control PDF
Author: Michael J. Richardson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461454654
Size: 24.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 197
View: 4075

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This volume is the most recent installment of the Progress in Motor Control series. It contains contributions based on presentations by invited speakers at the Progress in Motor Control VIII meeting held in Cincinnati, OH, USA in July, 2011. Progress in Motor Control is the official scientific meeting of the International Society of Motor Control (ISMC). The Progress in Motor Control VIII meeting, and consequently this volume, provide a broad perspective on the latest research on motor control in humans and other species.

Vision And Motor Control

Vision and Motor Control PDF
Author: L. Proteau
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080867397
Size: 62.35 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 475
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Since the classic studies of Woodworth (1899), the role of vision in the control of movement has been an important research topic in experimental psychology. While many early studies were concerned with the relative importance of vision and kinesthesis and/or the time it takes to use visual information, recent theoretical and technical developments have stimulated scientists to ask questions about how different sources of visual information contribute to motor control in different contexts. In this volume, articles are presented that provide a broad coverage of the current research and theory on vision and human motor learning and control. Many of the contributors are colleagues that have met over the years at the meetings and conferences concerned with human movement. They represent a wide range of affiliation and background including kinesiology, physical education, neurophysiology, cognitive psychology and neuropsychology. Thus the topic of vision and motor control is addressed from a number of different perspectives. In general, each author sets an empirical and theoretical framework for their topic, and then discusses current work from their own laboratory, and how it fits into the larger context. A synthesis chapter at the end of the volume identifies commonalities in the work and suggests directions for future experimentation.

Biomechanics And Motor Control Of Human Movement

Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement PDF
Author: David A. Winter
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470398183
Size: 18.71 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 384
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The classic book on human movement in biomechanics, newly updated Widely used and referenced, David Winter’s Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement is a classic examination of techniques used to measure and analyze all body movements as mechanical systems, including such everyday movements as walking. It fills the gap in human movement science area where modern science and technology are integrated with anatomy, muscle physiology, and electromyography to assess and understand human movement. In light of the explosive growth of the field, this new edition updates and enhances the text with: Expanded coverage of 3D kinematics and kinetics New materials on biomechanical movement synergies and signal processing, including auto and cross correlation, frequency analysis, analog and digital filtering, and ensemble averaging techniques Presentation of a wide spectrum of measurement and analysis techniques Updates to all existing chapters Basic physical and physiological principles in capsule form for quick reference An essential resource for researchers and student in kinesiology, bioengineering (rehabilitation engineering), physical education, ergonomics, and physical and occupational therapy, this text will also provide valuable to professionals in orthopedics, muscle physiology, and rehabilitation medicine. In response to many requests, the extensive numerical tables contained in Appendix A: "Kinematic, Kinetic, and Energy Data" can also be found at the following Web site: www.wiley.com/go/biomechanics

Motor Control And Learning 6e

Motor Control and Learning  6E PDF
Author: Schmidt, Richard A.
Publisher: Human Kinetics
ISBN: 1492547751
Size: 48.50 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 552
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Motor Control and Learning, Sixth Edition, focuses on observable movement behavior, the many factors that influence quality of movement, and how movement skills are acquired.

Human Motor Behavior

Human Motor Behavior PDF
Author: J.A. Scott Kelso
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317769619
Size: 15.94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 320
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First published in 1982. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Neuro Motor Control And Feed Forward Models Of Locomotion In Humans

Neuro motor control and feed forward models of locomotion in humans PDF
Author: Marco Iosa
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889196143
Size: 45.40 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 1969

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Locomotion involves many different muscles and the need of controlling several degrees of freedom. Despite the Central Nervous System can finely control the contraction of individual muscles, emerging evidences indicate that strategies for the reduction of the complexity of movement and for compensating the sensorimotor delays may be adopted. Experimental evidences in animal and lately human model led to the concept of a central pattern generator (CPG) which suggests that circuitry within the distal part of CNS, i.e. spinal cord, can generate the basic locomotor patterns, even in the absence of sensory information. Different studies pointed out the role of CPG in the control of locomotion as well as others investigated the neuroplasticity of CPG allowing for gait recovery after spinal cord lesion. Literature was also focused on muscle synergies, i.e. the combination of (locomotor) functional modules, implemented in neuronal networks of the spinal cord, generating specific motor output by imposing a specific timing structure and appropriate weightings to muscle activations. Despite the great interest that this approach generated in the last years in the Scientific Community, large areas of investigations remain available for further improvement (e.g. the influence of afferent feedback and environmental constrains) for both experimental and simulated models. However, also supraspinal structures are involved during locomotion, and it has been shown that they are responsible for initiating and modifying the features of this basic rhythm, for stabilising the upright walking, and for coordinating movements in a dynamic changing environment. Furthermore, specific damages into spinal and supraspinal structures result in specific alterations of human locomotion, as evident in subjects with brain injuries such as stroke, brain trauma, or people with cerebral palsy, in people with death of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra due to Parkinson’s disease, or in subjects with cerebellar dysfunctions, such as patients with ataxia. The role of cerebellum during locomotion has been shown to be related to coordination and adaptation of movements. Cerebellum is the structure of CNS where are conceivably located the internal models, that are neural representations miming meaningful aspects of our body, such as input/output characteristics of sensorimotor system. Internal model control has been shown to be at the basis of motor strategies for compensating delays or lacks in sensorimotor feedbacks, and some aspects of locomotion need predictive internal control, especially for improving gait dynamic stability, for avoiding obstacles or when sensory feedback is altered or lacking. Furthermore, despite internal model concepts are widespread in neuroscience and neurocognitive science, neurorehabilitation paid far too little attention to the potential role of internal model control on gait recovery. Many important scientists have contributed to this Research Topic with original studies, computational studies, and review articles focused on neural circuits and internal models involved in the control of human locomotion, aiming at understanding the role played in control of locomotion of different neural circuits located at brain, cerebellum, and spinal cord levels.

Human Motor Actions

Human Motor Actions PDF
Author: H.T.A. Whiting
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080866710
Size: 59.19 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 632
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Under the title The Coordination and Regulation of Movements, an English language version of six of the most important papers of the Russian physiologist Nicholas Bernstein was published in 1967 (Pergamon Press Ltd.). That work has been out of print for some years, but in view of the frequency of its citation in recent works on movement control, a republication was considered desirable. However, since some of the papers in the first edition were written in the 1930's, it was felt that readers' interests would be better served if, after each chapter, an evaluation of the work and, where necessary, an update of the data in the light of more recent findings was included. Contributors of international renown provide such chapters.

Progress In Motor Control

Progress in Motor Control PDF
Author: Jozsef Laczko
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319473131
Size: 63.17 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 388
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This single volume brings together both theoretical developments in the field of motor control and their translation into such fields as movement disorders, motor rehabilitation, robotics, prosthetics, brain-machine interface, and skill learning. Motor control has established itself as an area of scientific research characterized by a multi-disciplinary approach. Its goal is to promote cooperation and mutual understanding among researchers addressing different aspects of the complex phenomenon of motor coordination. Topics covered include recent theoretical advances from various fields, the neurophysiology of complex natural movements, the equilibrium-point hypothesis, motor learning of skilled behaviors, the effects of age, brain injury, or systemic disorders such as Parkinson's Disease, and brain-computer interfaces. The chapter ‘Encoding Temporal Features of Skilled Movements—What, Whether and How?’ is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license via link.springer.com.