Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics

Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics PDF
Author: J. E. Mayer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483224767
Size: 74.90 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 252
View: 7095

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The International Encyclopedia of Physical Chemistry and Chemical Physics, Volume 1: Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics covers the fundamental principles and the development of theoretical aspects of equilibrium statistical mechanics. Statistical mechanical is the study of the connection between the macroscopic behavior of bulk matter and the microscopic properties of its constituent atoms and molecules. This book contains eight chapters, and begins with a presentation of the master equation used for the calculation of the fundamental thermodynamic functions. The succeeding chapters highlight the characteristics of the partition function and its application to the analysis of perfect and imperfect gases, solids, and dense fluids. These topics are followed by discussions on the fundamentals of quantum statistics, with particular emphasis on its application in certain media. The last chapter outlines the derivation of the relations between the partition functions and the thermodynamic quantities. This book will be of value to physical chemists, chemical physicists, mathematicians, and researchers in the allied fields of statistical mechanics.

Principles And Applications Of Quantum Chemistry

Principles and Applications of Quantum Chemistry PDF
Author: V.P. Gupta
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128035013
Size: 72.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 478
View: 517

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Principles and Applications of Quantum Chemistry offers clear and simple coverage based on the author’s extensive teaching at advanced universities around the globe. Where needed, derivations are detailed in an easy-to-follow manner so that you will understand the physical and mathematical aspects of quantum chemistry and molecular electronic structure. Building on this foundation, this book then explores applications, using illustrative examples to demonstrate the use of quantum chemical tools in research problems. Each chapter also uses innovative problems and bibliographic references to guide you, and throughout the book chapters cover important advances in the field including: Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT), characterization of chemical reactions, prediction of molecular geometry, molecular electrostatic potential, and quantum theory of atoms in molecules. Simplified mathematical content and derivations for reader understanding Useful overview of advances in the field such as Density Functional Theory (DFT) and Time-Dependent DFT (TD-DFT) Accessible level for students and researchers interested in the use of quantum chemistry tools

Super Resolution Microscopy

Super Resolution Microscopy PDF
Author: Udo J. Birk
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527802088
Size: 27.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 408
View: 567

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This unique book on super-resolution microscopy techniques presents comparative, in-depth analyses of the strengths and weaknesses of the individual approaches. It was written for non-experts who need to understand the principles of super-resolution or who wish to use recently commercialized instruments as well as for professionals who plan to realize novel microscopic devices. Explaining the practical requirements in terms of hardware, software and sample preparation, the book offers a wealth of hands-on tips and practical tricks to get a setup running, provides invaluable help and support for successful data acquisition and specific advice in the context of data analysis and visualization. Furthermore, it addresses a wide array of transdisciplinary fields of applications. The author begins by outlining the joint efforts that have led to achieving super-resolution microscopy combining advances in single-molecule photo-physics, fluorophore design and fluorescent labeling, instrument design and software development. The following chapters depict and compare current main standard techniques such as structured illumination microscopy, single-molecule localization, stimulated emission depletion microscopy and multi-scale imaging including light-sheet and expansion microscopy. For each individual approach the experimental setups are introduced, the imaging protocols are provided and the various applications illustrated. The book concludes with a discussion of future challenges addressing issues of routine applications and further commercialization of the available methods. Guiding users in how to make choices for the design of their own experiments from scratch to promising application, this one-stop resource is intended for researchers in the applied sciences, from chemistry to biology and medicine to physics and engineering.

Molecular Quantum Dynamics

Molecular Quantum Dynamics PDF
Author: Fabien Gatti
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642452906
Size: 34.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 273
View: 3005

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This book focuses on current applications of molecular quantum dynamics. Examples from all main subjects in the field, presented by the internationally renowned experts, illustrate the importance of the domain. Recent success in helping to understand experimental observations in fields like heterogeneous catalysis, photochemistry, reactive scattering, optical spectroscopy, or femto- and attosecond chemistry and spectroscopy underline that nuclear quantum mechanical effects affect many areas of chemical and physical research. In contrast to standard quantum chemistry calculations, where the nuclei are treated classically, molecular quantum dynamics can cover quantum mechanical effects in their motion. Many examples, ranging from fundamental to applied problems, are known today that are impacted by nuclear quantum mechanical effects, including phenomena like tunneling, zero point energy effects, or non-adiabatic transitions. Being important to correctly understand many observations in chemical, organic and biological systems, or for the understanding of molecular spectroscopy, the range of applications covered in this book comprises broad areas of science: from astrophysics and the physics and chemistry of the atmosphere, over elementary processes in chemistry, to biological processes (such as the first steps of photosynthesis or vision). Nevertheless, many researchers refrain from entering this domain. The book "Molecular Quantum Dynamics" offers them an accessible introduction. Although the calculation of large systems still presents a challenge - despite the considerable power of modern computers - new strategies have been developed to extend the studies to systems of increasing size. Such strategies are presented after a brief overview of the historical background. Strong emphasis is put on an educational presentation of the fundamental concepts, so that the reader can inform himself about the most important concepts, like eigenstates, wave packets, quantum mechanical resonances, entanglement, etc. The chosen examples highlight that high-level experiments and theory need to work closely together. This book thus is a must-read both for researchers working experimentally or theoretically in the concerned fields, and generally for anyone interested in the exciting world of molecular quantum dynamics.

Encyclopedia Of Physical Organic Chemistry 6 Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Physical Organic Chemistry  6 Volume Set PDF
Author: Zerong Wang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118470451
Size: 17.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 4464
View: 5070

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Winner of 2018 PROSE Award for MULTIVOLUME REFERENCE/SCIENCE This encyclopedia offers a comprehensive and easy reference to physical organic chemistry (POC) methodology and techniques. It puts POC, a classical and fundamental discipline of chemistry, into the context of modern and dynamic fields like biochemical processes, materials science, and molecular electronics. Covers basic terms and theories into organic reactions and mechanisms, molecular designs and syntheses, tools and experimental techniques, and applications and future directions Includes coverage of green chemistry and polymerization reactions Reviews different strategies for molecular design and synthesis of functional molecules Discusses computational methods, software packages, and more than 34 kinds of spectroscopies and techniques for studying structures and mechanisms Explores applications in areas from biology to materials science The Encyclopedia of Physical Organic Chemistry has won the 2018 PROSE Award for MULTIVOLUME REFERENCE/SCIENCE. The PROSE Awards recognize the best books, journals and digital content produced by professional and scholarly publishers. Submissions are reviewed by a panel of 18 judges that includes editors, academics, publishers and research librarians who evaluate each work for its contribution to professional and scholarly publishing. You can find out more at: proseawards.com Also available as an online edition for your library, for more details visit Wiley Online Library

Symmetry

Symmetry PDF
Author: R. McWeeny
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 67.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Group theory
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 1739

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