Critical Thinking Fourth Edition

Critical Thinking  fourth edition PDF
Author: William Hughes
Publisher: Broadview Press
ISBN: 9781551115733
Size: 10.78 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : un
Pages : 403
View: 7309

Get Book

"William Hughes's Critical Thinking, recently revised and updated by Jonathan Lavery, is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the essential skills required to make strong arguments. Hughes and Lavery give a thorough treatment of such traditional topics as deductive and inductive reasoning, logical fallacies and how to spot them, the importance of inference, how to recognise and avoid ambiguity, and how to assess what is or is not relevant to an argument. But they also cover a variety of topics not always treated in books of this sort - special concerns to keep in mind when reasoning about ethical matters and how the nature of a language can affect the structure of an argument. The book gives a lucid treatment of the differences between descriptive and evaluative meaning: one person's freedom fighter is another person's terrorist." "For the fourth edition, Jonathan Lavery has added a new chapter on scientific reasoning, expanded the treatment of analogies, added numerous examples, and revised and updated the text throughout."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking PDF
Author: Tracy Bowell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317677188
Size: 38.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : un
Pages : 318
View: 1512

Get Book

We are frequently confronted with arguments. Arguments are attempts to persuade us – to influence our beliefs and actions – by giving us reasons to believe this or that. Critical Thinking: A Concise Guide will equip students with the concepts and techniques used in the identification, analysis and assessment of arguments. Through precise and accessible discussion, this book provides the tools to become a successful critical thinker, one who can act and believe in accordance with good reasons, and who can articulate and make explicit those reasons. Key topics discussed include: core concepts in argumentation how language can serve to obscure or conceal the real content of arguments; how to distinguish argumentation from rhetoric how to avoid common confusions surrounding words such as ‘truth’, ‘knowledge’ and ‘opinion’ how to identify and evaluate the most common types of argument how to distinguish good reasoning from bad in terms of deductive validly and induction. This fourth edition has been revised and updated throughout, with a new introduction for each chapter and up-to-date topical examples. Particular revisions include: practical reasoning; understanding quantitative data, statistics, and the rhetoric used about them; scientific reasoning; the connection to formal logic and the logic of probability; conditionals; ambiguity; vagueness; slippery slope arguments; and arguments by analogy. The dynamic Routledge Critical Thinking companion website provides thoroughly updated resources for both instructors and students including new examples and case studies, flashcards, sample questions, practice questions and answers, student activities and a testbank of questions for use in the classroom.

The Power Of Critical Thinking

The Power of Critical Thinking PDF
Author: Lewis Vaughn
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780199018680
Size: 30.16 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : un
Pages : 560
View: 853

Get Book

This comprehensive and engaging introduction to the essential components of critical analysis uses a multidisciplinary approach to examine how psychological and social factors can impede clear thinking and lead to faulty reasoning. Emphasizing the importance of critical thinking to personaldevelopment and success, The Power of Critical Thinking provides students with the skills they need to engage meaningfully with the world around them - both inside and outside of the classroom.

The Power Of Critical Thinking

The Power of Critical Thinking PDF
Author: Lewis Vaughn
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199856671
Size: 32.90 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Philosophy
Languages : un
Pages : 604
View: 5551

Get Book

The Power of Critical Thinking: Effective Reasoning About Ordinary and Extraordinary Claims explores the essentials of critical reasoning, argumentation, logic, and argumentative essay writing while also incorporating important topics that most other texts leave out, such as "inference to the best explanation," scientific reasoning, evidence and authority, visual reasoning, and obstacles to critical thinking.The text integrates many pedagogical features, including hundreds of diverse exercises, examples, and illustrations; text boxes that apply critical thinking to student experience; step-by-step guidelines for evaluating claims, arguments, and explanations; a glossary of important terms; and many reminders, summaries, and review notes. New to this editionNew sections on topics suggested by reviewers - The coverage now includes more discussion of legal reasoning, rhetorical ploys, informal fallacies, probability and statistics, and necessary and sufficient conditions.New Essays for Analysis - Nine essays, several of them by women authors, have been added to the collection of "Essays for Evaluation" in Appendix A (the total remains at twenty-one), each article accompanied by writing prompts and linked to writing assignments in every chapter. Four pairs of essays are arranged in a pro/con format, each pair debating a single issue. New topics include homosexuality, feminists and pornography, adultery, airport security screenings, women in Afghanistan, Islamic extremists and free speech, and fear of vaccines.New text boxes on current topics. The division of labor for the text boxes is the same, but some of the content is new. The three types of boxes are "Newsmakers" (discussions of current events and issues in the media illustrating a principle of critical thinking, ending with questions meant to encourage critical thought); "From the Web" (boxes concentrating on a lesson about critical thinking but drawing their material from websites and blogs); and "Further Thought" (informative boxes, designed to cover interesting supplementary material not discussed in the main text).The chapter objectives now correspond to the point-by-point summary at the end of each chapter.Important Clarifications - The following discussions are now even clearer: scientific conservatism in theory choice, the relationship between enumerative induction and statistical syllogisms, and informal fallacies (the latter are given further treatment in an explanatory fallacies chart on the inside front cover).Some new discussions: the straw man fallacy, biased opinion polls, dishonest political discourse, and gut reactions and intuitions.

Thought And Knowledge

Thought and Knowledge PDF
Author: Diane F. Halpern
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135643814
Size: 26.58 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : un
Pages : 472
View: 1103

Get Book

Thought & Knowledge, Fourth Edition is appropriate for use as a textbook in critical thinking courses offered in departments of psychology, philosophy, English, humanities, or as a supplement in any course where critical thinking is emphasized

Thought And Knowledge

Thought and Knowledge PDF
Author: Diane F. Halpern
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780805844825
Size: 52.90 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Education
Languages : un
Pages : 248
View: 5367

Get Book

A workbook for Thought & Knowledge, Fourth Edition by Diane F Halpern, Thinking Critically About Critical Thinking, Fourth Edition is filled with new exercises to reinforce learning and practice newly acquired skills. This workbook can be purchased in a student package with Thought & Knowledge or as a separate item.

Learning To Think Things Through

Learning to Think Things Through PDF
Author: Gerald M. Nosich
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780137085149
Size: 58.30 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Education
Languages : un
Pages : 222
View: 7633

Get Book

For Freshman Orientation or Critical Thinking courses as well as a supplementary text for use in any subject-matter at any educational level. This concise, effective guide is designed to help students learn to think critically in any subject-matter. Learning to Think Things Through presents a combination of instruction and exercises that shows the reader how to become active learners rather than passive recipients of information, use critical thinking to more fully appreciate the power of the discipline they are studying, to see its connections to other fields and to their day-to-day lives, and to maintain an overview of the field so they can see the parts in terms of the whole. The model of critical thinking (used throughout the book) is in terms of the elements of reasoning, standards, and critical thinking processes. This model is well-suited to thinking through any problem or question. The 4th edition reflects streamlined writing, with changes and substantial edits on virtually every page. NOTE: This is the standalone book, if you want the book/access card order the ISBN below: 0134019466 / 9780134019468 Learning to Think Things Through: A Guide to Critical Thinking Across the Curriculum Plus NEW MyStudentSuccessLab Update -- Access Card Package Package consists of: 0133939243 / 9780133939248 MyStudentSuccessLab -- Glue in Access Card 0133939251 / 9780133939255 MyStudentSuccessLab -- Inside Star Sticker 0137085141 / 9780137085149 Learning to Think Things Through: A Guide to Critical Thinking Across the Curriculum

The Art Of Reasoning

The Art of Reasoning PDF
Author: David Kelley
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393930785
Size: 60.49 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : un
Pages : 605
View: 6497

Get Book

Students learn logic by practicing it—by working through problems, analyzing existing arguments, and constructing their own arguments in plain language and symbolic notation. The Art of Reasoning not only introduces the principles of critical thinking and logic in a clear, accessible, and logical manner—thus practicing what it preaches—but it also provides ample opportunity for students to hone their skills and master course content.

Thinking Critically About Critical Thinking

Thinking Critically About Critical Thinking PDF
Author: Diane F. Halpern
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136605835
Size: 74.59 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 5824

Get Book

A workbook for Thought & Knowledge, Fourth Edition by Diane F Halpern, Thinking Critically About Critical Thinking, Fourth Edition is filled with new exercises to reinforce learning and practice newly acquired skills. This workbook can be purchased in a student package with Thought & Knowledge or as a separate item.

Becoming A Critical Thinker

Becoming a Critical Thinker PDF
Author: Sherry Diestler
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780131779983
Size: 74.70 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 415
View: 5186

Get Book

This book trains students to distinguish high-quality, well-supported arguments from arguments with little or no evidence to support them. It develops the skills required to effectively evaluate the many claims facing them as citizens, learners, consumers, and human beings, and also to be effective advocates for their beliefs. Chapter topics include the foundations of arguments, reality and value assumptions and ethics, inductive arguments and generalizations, reasoning errors, the power of language, media literacy, fairmindedness, and persuasive speaking. For critical thinkers who want to be discerning about the messages they read or hear; make decisions based on careful consideration of both facts and values; be alert to distortion in reporting and advertising; and, defend their own viewpoints.

Clued In To Politics

Clued in to Politics PDF
Author: Christine Barbour
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 9781608717941
Size: 68.18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : un
Pages : 424
View: 5947

Get Book

Clued in to Politics: A Critical Thinking Reader in American Government, Fourth Edition, edited by Christine Barbour and Matthew J. Streb, is a collection of contemporary American government readings (more than half new to this edition) that uses proven pedagogy for modeling critical thinking. The editors write a contextual headnote—“why we chose this piece”—and then follow every reading with questions that employ the CLUES method: Consider the source, Lay out the argument, Uncover the evidence, Evaluate the conclusion, and Sort out the political implications. By consistently walking students through a process for close reading and analysis, students pick up the habit of critical thinking and internalize a process that moves them far beyond regurgitating information. The chapters line up with coverage in introductory American government texts.